We'd like to thank everyone that has contributed information and content for this website. A special thanks to staff at the Turtle Survival Alliance for providing conservation input and pictures based on the important work they are doing in their native range.

Content and pictures on this site should not be used without written permission and citation.


We'd like to reference the following publications. They are some of the best published information we found on Manouria emys in the wild based on first hand observationss by world experts.

Rhodin, A., Pritchard, P., van Dijk, P. P., Saumure, R., Buhlmann, K., Iverson, J., & Mittermeier, R. (Eds.). (2015). Conservation biology of freshwater turtles and tortoises (First).

Wanchai, P. (2007). Radio-telemetry study of home range size and activities of the black Asian giant tortoise Manouria emys phayrei (Blyth, 1853) (Thesis, Chulalongkorn University).

Carter, A.W., Sadd, B.M., Tuberville, T.D. et al. Short heatwaves during fluctuating incubation regimes produce females under temperature-dependent sex determination with implications for sex ratios in nature. Sci Rep 8, 3 (2018).